IBERA WETLANDSNORTHEAST ARGENTINA
Travel to Iberá Wetlands
With an area of 1,400,000 hectares, Ibera Wetlands are the second largest wetland of South America. Old channels or abandoned riverbeds from Paraná River formed this independent and complex wetland network composed of marshes, ponds, dammed and pluvial courses.
The Ibera Wetlands are a stagnant water reservoir with a depth ranging between one and three meters. It's covered by two types of aquatic plants: the background arising from the edges forming pajonales coastal or floating formations which plug the surface of the water as the latter embalsados camalotes and, in some cases, takes a considerable thickness.
While in many cases, are considered "firm soil" is very common to have thinner areas and therefore constitute a dangerous place to walk on them.
The wetlands maintain its level stable ability to retain rain water thanks to the great amount of vegetation. According to the measurements, rainfall, which annually ranging between 1200 and 1500 mm. Returned to the system an amount of liquid equivalent to evaporating. Receiving water, a little less than a quarter of drift Paraná River, across the Corrientes River, only surface drainage system.
Iberá Wetlands are an efficient regulating dam water and this phenomenon causes effects in the marshes, another geographical environments characteristic of the region. It forms during abundant rainy season for temporary accumulation of water that run off into creeks covering the lower areas.
FLORA: IBERA WETLANDSNORTHEAST ARGENTINA
Flora: Iberá Wetlands
Three botanical provinces compose the system: El Espinal from the south, Chaco Oriental in the west, the northern province at north.
This diversity is due to the richness of the vegetation of the place where they stand aquatic plants as aguapés (water hyacinths in Guarani). Over the surface of the water you can see: irupés (water dishes) or nenúfares, lentejas, repollitos, lirios and water hyacinths and small ferns.
We can distinguish pajonales, achiras, yuyales and small trees from wet soils as sarandíes, laurels, and Pehuajó or large reeds, palm or palm yatay red, jungles and islands of forest galleries hydrophilic (having the ability to absorb and exhale humidity).
Among the various species of trees we can find lapacho negro, higuerón, urunday, viraró, laurel negro, quebracho blanco, guabiyú, ombúes, jacarandas, ceibos, sauces, curupíes, timbó y espinillos. Among the palms are common yatay, lindó y caranday.
FAUNA: IBERA WETLANDSNORTHEAST ARGENTINA
Fauna: Iberá Wetlands
In the wetlands lives two classes of yacaré, the black one with narrow snout and the pug-nosed or 'overo' with wide snout. This last one had increased predation because their skin that is very valuable.
Among other species, abound lobito de río, provincial natural monument, e carpincho (the largest rodent), the marsh deer (un cérvido nadador), the lobo de crin or aguará guazú, red and brown corzuelas; carayás or howling monkeys.
Also smaller species such as gray small foxes, wild grasses cats, skunks, black armadillo or tatú, peludos, mulitas, ferrets, weasels, hares, vizcachas, guinea pigs, voles, tucu-tucu and overo lizard, lizards and turtles. Among the reptiles: the water boa or curiyú, burrowing boa, ñacaniñá, boa constrictor. And the venomous coral snakes, rattlesnakes, vipers. Also amphibians like hylid frog and the ox or Cururú great.
We have over 300 varieties of birds: capuchinos, herons of all kinds, yellow and red pechito, finches, cardinals and other colorful species of birds. Fish are also as tarariras, eels, butterfish or piranhas, bream, shad, catfish, toothy, etc.
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