Travel to Antarctic Argentina
The Antarctic Continent is around the South Pole, and it is limited by the Antarctic Polar Circle at 66º33´S, except for the Antarctic Peninsula which, pointing to the North, faces South America.
The Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans bathe the continent, being thus surrounded by the sea. It is 1,100 km. away from South America, 3,600 km away from Africa, 2,250 Km. away from Tasmania; 2,200 km. away from New Zealand. Antarctica covers an area of 14 million square kilometers that, together with the nearby sea, are covered by ice all throughout the year. Some areas of the shore, only 2% of the total surface, remain uncovered, thus interrupting the monotony of the landscape. This polar casket is two thousand meters thick, and it has a volume of thirty million cubic meters, that is ninety per cent of the ice on Earth.
Antarctica is the highest of all continents, with an approximated medium altitude of 2,050 meters over the level of the sea, against a world average of 600 meters. This is due to the polar casket and its high and long mountain chains that cross the continent, with peaks that frequently go from 4,000 to 4,500 masl.
Antarctica has the special characteristic of not have been inhabited by native populations, so no country can claim a cultural, political, or economic preeminence over this territory, and thus it enables a joint administration by several nations.
In 1959 the Antarctic Treaty was signed. It was the first signed document for the protection and administration of the Antarctic Continent, where the consulting members (originally signing countries) and the supporting members (countries that have joined after it started to be effective in 1961) covenant to comply with the terms of the Treaty, thus ensuring the pacific use of the Continent. Since then, many international agreements have been signed regarding the conservation of its resources. In 1991, the Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty about Protection of the Environment was signed. It includes a definition of the environmental principles, and planning of the activities that are to be developed in Antarctica.
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